Clinical or major depression is a serious mental illness that requires medical treatment in order for the majority of individuals to overcome their symptoms. Fortunately, there are many effective treatment options available and research and scientific studies are continuously working to find and develop better forms of treatment.
The most common treatments for depression include antidepressant medications, psychotherapy, or a combination of both and in the majority of cases these treatment methods are very effective. However, in more severe cases of depression or when other treatments have failed or can not be used, “ECT” or electrical convulsive therapy” as well as nerve or magnetic stimulation may be given.
Common Antidepressants used for the Treatment of Depression
The most commonly prescribed antidepressant medications for depression are “SSRI’s” or “selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors”. This type of drug is typically the first drug a physician will prescribe when beginning to treat depression. SSRIs are a class of medications that include the brand names “Prozac”, “Paxil”, “Zoloft”, “Lexapro” and “Celexa”.
The primary reason why these drugs are the first choice is that they tend to have fewer side effects and are safer than some of the other antidepressants. “SNRIs” or “serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors” somewhat similar to SSRIs except when high doses are given they can cause the side effects of dizziness and increased sweating.